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Jutaan Siswa di China Memulai Ujian Masuk Universitas

AP/Andy Wong - detikEdu
Selasa, 07 Jun 2022 19:17 WIB

China - Lebih dari 11 juta siswa sekolah menengah di seluruh Tiongkok akan mengikuti ujian masuk perguruan tinggi tahunan. Ujian dimulai usai negara mengatasi COVID-19.

A volunteer directs students wearing face masks to enter a school for the first day of China's national college entrance examinations, known as the gaokao, in Beijing, Tuesday, June 7, 2022. More than 11 million high school students throughout China will take the annual college entrance exams which started on Tuesday after the country has just overcome severe COVID-19 outbreaks in Shanghai and Beijing, according to state media. (AP Photo/Andy Wong)

Seorang relawan mengarahkan siswa yang mengenakan masker untuk memasuki sekolah pada hari pertama ujian masuk perguruan tinggi nasional Tiongkok, yang dikenal sebagai gaokao, di Beijing, Selasa, (7/6/2022).

A volunteer directs students wearing face masks to enter a school for the first day of China's national college entrance examinations, known as the gaokao, in Beijing, Tuesday, June 7, 2022. More than 11 million high school students throughout China will take the annual college entrance exams which started on Tuesday after the country has just overcome severe COVID-19 outbreaks in Shanghai and Beijing, according to state media. (AP Photo/Andy Wong)

Lebih dari 11 juta siswa sekolah menengah di seluruh Tiongkok akan mengikuti ujian tahunan masuk perguruan tinggi.

A volunteer directs students wearing face masks to enter a school for the first day of China's national college entrance examinations, known as the gaokao, in Beijing, Tuesday, June 7, 2022. More than 11 million high school students throughout China will take the annual college entrance exams which started on Tuesday after the country has just overcome severe COVID-19 outbreaks in Shanghai and Beijing, according to state media. (AP Photo/Andy Wong)

Ujian dimulai setelah negara itu baru saja mengatasi wabah COVID-19 yang parah di Shanghai dan Beijing.

A volunteer directs students wearing face masks to enter a school for the first day of China's national college entrance examinations, known as the gaokao, in Beijing, Tuesday, June 7, 2022. More than 11 million high school students throughout China will take the annual college entrance exams which started on Tuesday after the country has just overcome severe COVID-19 outbreaks in Shanghai and Beijing, according to state media. (AP Photo/Andy Wong)

Seleksi masuk perguruan tinggi bisa jadi merupakan salah satu tes terberat bagi pelajar di belahan dunia manapun. Tetapi, gaokao kerap diklaim sebagai yang paling ekstrem. Dilansir dari CNN, gaokao adalah ujian yang berlangsung selama 9 jam dan diselenggarakan selama dua hari.

A volunteer directs students wearing face masks to enter a school for the first day of China's national college entrance examinations, known as the gaokao, in Beijing, Tuesday, June 7, 2022. More than 11 million high school students throughout China will take the annual college entrance exams which started on Tuesday after the country has just overcome severe COVID-19 outbreaks in Shanghai and Beijing, according to state media. (AP Photo/Andy Wong)

Tes tersebut menguji siswa dengan empat mata pelajaran, yakni matematika, bahasa Inggris, bahasa China, dan mipa atau soshum. Hasil dari ujian tersebut menjadi satu-satunya syarat diterima universitas di China.

A volunteer directs students wearing face masks to enter a school for the first day of China's national college entrance examinations, known as the gaokao, in Beijing, Tuesday, June 7, 2022. More than 11 million high school students throughout China will take the annual college entrance exams which started on Tuesday after the country has just overcome severe COVID-19 outbreaks in Shanghai and Beijing, according to state media. (AP Photo/Andy Wong)

Gaokao merupakan bagian dari sistem pendidikan di China sejak tahun 1950-an, meskipun ada jeda di masa Revolusi Budaya. Bagi jutaan orang di China, utamanya yang bukan dari keluarga pejabat, gaokao adalah tiket kesuksesan dan naik kelas strata sosial. Begitu, menurut BBC.

A volunteer directs students wearing face masks to enter a school for the first day of China's national college entrance examinations, known as the gaokao, in Beijing, Tuesday, June 7, 2022. More than 11 million high school students throughout China will take the annual college entrance exams which started on Tuesday after the country has just overcome severe COVID-19 outbreaks in Shanghai and Beijing, according to state media. (AP Photo/Andy Wong)

Demi mempersiapkan seleksi perguruan tinggi di China ini, semua sekolah di sana akan menyediakan kertas latihan dan simulasi ujian. Mengerjakan seluruh kertas latihan ini adalah salah satu cara terbaik siswa China mempersiapkan diri menghadapi gaokao.

Jutaan Siswa di China Memulai Ujian Masuk Universitas
Jutaan Siswa di China Memulai Ujian Masuk Universitas
Jutaan Siswa di China Memulai Ujian Masuk Universitas
Jutaan Siswa di China Memulai Ujian Masuk Universitas
Jutaan Siswa di China Memulai Ujian Masuk Universitas
Jutaan Siswa di China Memulai Ujian Masuk Universitas
Jutaan Siswa di China Memulai Ujian Masuk Universitas

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